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Emergency Medical Minute

 

May 27, 2024

Contributor: Aaron Lessem MD

Educational Pearls: 

  • Oseltamivir (Tamiflu) is an antiviral medication used commonly to treat influenza

  • Trials show that the medication reduces the duration of illness by less than 1 day (~16 hours in one systematic review)

    • Benefit only occurs if taken within 48 hours of symptom...


May 20, 2024

Contributor: Aaron Lessen MD

Educational Pearls:

Epinephrine is essential in the treatment of anaphylaxis, but is epinephrine dangerous from a cardiovascular perspective?

A 2024 study in the Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians Open sought to answer this question.

Methods:

  • Retrospective...


May 13, 2024

Contributor: Aaron Lessen MD

Educational Pearls:

  • Opioid overdoses that are reversed with naloxone (Narcan), a mu-opioid antagonist, can precipitate acute withdrawal in some patients

  • Treatment of opioid use disorder with buprenorphine can also precipitate withdrawal

  • Opioid withdrawal symptoms include nausea,...


May 6, 2024

Contributor: Travis Barlock MD

Educational Pearls:

How do you differentiate between compensated and decompensated cirrhosis?

Use the acronym VIBE to look for signs of being decompensated.

  • V-Volume

    • Cirrhosis can cause volume overload through a variety of mechanisms such as by increasing pressure in the portal vein...


Apr 29, 2024

Contributor: Aaron Lessen MD

Educational Pearls:

  • Lorazepam (Ativan) is dosed at 0.1 mg/kg up to a maximum of 4 mg in status epilepticus

    • Some ED protocols only give 2 mg initially

  • The maximum recommended dose of levetiracetam (Keppra) is 60 mg/kg or 4.5 g

  • In one retrospective study, only 50% of patients...