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Emergency Medical Minute


Jul 18, 2018

Author: Sam Killian, MD

Educational Pearls:


  • Hematometra: uterus filled with blood due to obstruction of outflow tract.
  • Most commonly a result congenital abnormalities (imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum, etc.) but can be acquired due to cervical stenosis, intrauterine adhesions, neoplasms, and post-surgical scarring.
  • Symptoms include: pain, abnormal bleeding, enlarged uterus
  • Diagnosis: commonly achieved by ultrasound and physical exam.
  • Treatment is surgical (cervical dilatation, hysteroscopy, etc.).



U Nayak A, Swarup A, G S J, N S. Hematometra and acute abdomen. Journal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock. 2010;3(2):191-192. doi:10.4103/0974-2700.62117.

Kotter HC, Weingrow D, Canders CP. Hematometrocolpos in a Pubescent Girl with Abdominal Pain. Clinical Practice and Cases in Emergency Medicine. 2017;1(3):218-220. doi:10.5811/cpcem.2017.3.33369.