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Emergency Medical Minute


Feb 19, 2024

Contributor: Taylor Lynch MD

Educational Pearls

  • Hypothermia is defined as a core body temperature less than 35 degrees Celsius or less than 95 degrees Fahrenheit 

  • Mild Hypothermia: 32-35 degrees Celsius

    • Presentation: alert, shivering, tachycardic, and cold diuresis

    • Management: Passive rewarming i.e. remove wet...

Feb 14, 2024

Contributor: Jared Scott MD

Educational Pearls:

  • Croup is a respiratory condition typically caused by a viral infection (e.g., parainfluenza). The disease is characterized by inflammation of the larynx and trachea, which often leads to a distinctive barking cough.

  • A common treatment for croup is the powerful steroid...

Feb 5, 2024

Contributor: Aaron Lessen MD

Educational Pearls:

Does the size of a blood pressure (BP) cuff matter?

A recent randomized crossover trial revealed that, indeed, cuff size can affect blood pressure readings


  • 195 adults with varying mid-upper arm circumferences were randomized to the order of BP...

Jan 29, 2024

Contributor: Aaron Lessen MD

Educational Pearls:

Is the adage, “GCS of 8, you’ve got to intubate” accurate? A recent study published in the November 2023 issue of JAMA attempted to answer this question.


  • Multicenter, randomized trial, in France from 2021 to 2023.

  • 225 patients experiencing comatose in the...

Jan 22, 2024

Contributor: Aaron Lessen MD

Educational Pearls:

  • A 2013 study randomized families of those in cardiac arrest into two groups:

    • Actively offered patients’ families the opportunity to observe CPR

    • Follow standard practice regarding family presence (control group)

  • Of the 266 relatives that received offers to...