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Emergency Medical Minute


Aug 30, 2021

Contributor: Jared Scott, MD

Educational Pearls:

  • Using LET, procedural sedation, and distraction techniques are often needed to successfully perform painful procedures in pediatrics patients
  • The technique of clown therapy has been studied as an adjunct to LET and other distraction techniques for procedures in pediatric patients
  • One randomized-controlled trial from 2016 found anxiety was greatly reduced using medical clown therapy to aid in painful procedures in pediatrics patients


Felluga M, Rabach I, Minute M, et al. A quasi randomized-controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of clowntherapy on children's anxiety and pain levels in emergency department. Eur J Pediatr. 2016;175(5):645-650. doi:10.1007/s00431-015-2688-0

Summarized by John Spartz, MS4 | Edited by Erik Verzemnieks, MD


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