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Emergency Medical Minute


Mar 29, 2017

Author: Gretchen Hinson M.D.

Educational Pearls:

  • The key imaging of a mumps patient is “chipmunk cheeks” or parotitis.
  • The swelling can extend almost to the ears and can be extremely painful - in about 25% of cases the swelling is unilateral.
  • Other organs can be involved as well including: testicles, ovaries, breast tissue, other salivary glands, and the brain/spinal cord.
  • Mumps is transmitted through droplets in the air.
  • Two immunizations will get you 88% probability immunity and one immunization will get you 78% probability of immunity. Yet, immunity can wane and there can be viral strains not covered by the immunization.
  • Mumps outbreaks are common in the winter season because of close quarters.
  • You can test for Mumps using an IGM blood test, (more likely to see a spike in this if the patient is not vaccinated) Buckle swabs, & Urine test.