Jul 28, 2017
Author: Jared Scott, M.D.
- Boerhaave syndrome (aka effort rupture of the
esophagus) accounts for 10% of esophageal ruptures and is usually
caused by strain during vomiting episodes. It can also be caused by
childbirth, seizure, or prolonged coughing or laughing.
and water swallowed after the tear end up in the mediastinum,
eventually causing infection. Therefore, Boerhaave syndrome is a
diagnostic techniques are CT or endoscopy.
- Mallory-Weiss syndrome may present similarly,
however it is less serious since it involves only a small tear
through the mucosa at the gastroesophageal junction. This can be
managed on an outpatient basis with PPI’s.