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Emergency Medical Minute


Sep 22, 2020

Contributor: Aaron Lessen, MD

Educational Pearls:

  • Early antibiotics have been shown to improve outcomes in septic patients time after time
  • Emerging evidence challenges the concept of one-size-fits-all large fluid boluses for septic shock patients and fluid may worsen patients who have underlying sepsis-induced pulmonary capillary leak
  • Starting peripheral vasopressors early, and relaxing if fluid resuscitation is successful, is appearing to be a more appropriate strategy than fluids first, then vasopressors


CLASSIC Trial Group; Scandinavian Critical Care Trials Group. Restricting volumes of resuscitation fluid in adults with septic shock after initial management: the CLASSIC randomised, parallel-group, multicentre feasibility trial. Intensive Care Med. 2016 Nov;42(11):1695-1705. doi: 10.1007/s00134-016-4500-7. Epub 2016 Sep 30. PMID: 27686349.

Permpikul C, Tongyoo S, Viarasilpa T, Trainarongsakul T, Chakorn T, Udompanturak S. Early Use of Norepinephrine in Septic Shock Resuscitation (CENSER). A Randomized Trial. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019 May 1;199(9):1097-1105. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201806-1034OC. PMID: 30704260.

Summarized by Jackson Roos, MS4 | Edited by Erik Verzemnieks, MD